Skip to Main Content

 The University of Tennessee | Institute of Agriculture

Tennessee Rural Economic Development




Fact Sheet

Petroleum
Production (crude oil; NGPL)(MMbd) 7.841
Net imports (crude oil & refined products)(MMbd) 8.436
Consumption (25% of world total in 2001; 19.6)(MMbd) 18.835
Share of consumption for transportation in 2011 71%
Dependence on foreign oil (net imports/consmption) 45%
U.S. Crude Oil Imports from OPEC (barrels/day) 4195000
U.S. Petroleum Product Imports from OPEC (barrels/day) 339000
Real world oil price ($/bbl) $95.73
                         
                         
Natural Gas
Production (dry gas)(Tcf) 23
Consumption (Tcf) 24.369
Consumption by sector: Industrial 28%, Electric Power 31%, Residential 19%, Commercial 13%, Transportation & Other 3%
Net imports as a percentage of total consumption 14%
Proved reserves (Bcf)(2009) 272509
Real wellhead price (per thousand cubic feet)  $3.95
                         
                         
Coal
Production (2011)(million short tons) 1089.2
Share produced West of the Mississippi 59%
Share produced from surface mining 69%
Exports as percent of production 7.50%
Electricity generation share of consumption 90%
Productivity: 5.6 tons/miner-hour in 2010 vs 1.8 tons/miner-hour in 1977 
Demonstrated reserve base (2010)(billion short tons) 486%
                         
Electricity
Net generation (2011)(thousand megawatthours) 4105734
Generation by energy source (2011): Coal 42.2%, Nuclear 19.2%, Gas 24.8%, Hydro 7.8%, Oil 1.3%, Renewable 4.7%
Retail sales (consumption)(2011)(thousand megawatthours) 3726163
Emissions (thousand metric tons): Carbon Dioxide--2388596, Sulfur Dioxide--5401, Nitrogen Dioxide--2491
                         
                         
Nuclear
Operable generating units (2010) 104
Capacity (million kilowatts)(Net Summer Generating Capacity) 101.2
Capacity factor 91.20%
                         
                         
Fuel Ethanol
Net Imports (Million Barrels) -25.32
Consumption Ethanol (Billion Gallons) 12.87
Production Ethanol (Billion Gallons) 13.95
                         
Biodiesel
Production (Billion Gallons) 0.86
Consumption (Billion Gallons) 0.77
Net Exports (Million Barrels) -0.88
                         
Total Energy and Efficiency Use
Total primary energy production (Quadrillion Btu) 78
Total consumption (Quadrillion Btu) 97.6
Consumption by energy source: Coal 20%, Gas 25%, Oil 36%, Nuclear 8%, Renewable 9%
Consumption by sector: Industrial 31%, Residential & Commercial  41%, Transportation 28%
Energy-use CO2 emissions (MM tonnes of Carbon Dioxide) 5510
Energy-use CO2 emissions by sector: Industrial 27%, Residential & Commercial 39%, Transportation 33%
Energy consumption/GDP ratio (Thousand Btu per 2005 Dollar): 7.4 vs 13.37 in 1980
Number of households in the U.S. (2009)(million) 113.6
Households heated by:(2009) Gas 49%, Electricity 34%, Oil 6%, Propane 5%, Wood 2%

 

Contact Us

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Dr. Burton C. English
2621 Morgan Circle
308C Morgan Hall
Knoxville, TN 37996-4518
Phone: 865-974-3716
Fax: 865.974.4829
E-mail: benglish@utk.edu